What is Multiple Sclerosis?
Many people would be unaware of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and its effects. Multiple Sclerosis or MS is a long-lasting disease that can affect your brain, spinal cord, and the optic nerves in your eyes. Vision, balance, muscle control, and other essential bodily functions can be impaired under MS. For everyone who has this disorder or disease, the effects are often different. Some people don’t need treatment because they have mild symptoms while others are going to have trouble getting around and doing daily chores. The cause of MS is still unknown, but we know that the Myelin Sheath in the Central Nervous System (CNS), which covers around the nerve fibers, gets affected. For the transmission of nerve impulses through nerve fibers, Myelin is necessary. If Myelin damage is slight, nerve impulses travel with a small number of disruptions; however, if the damage is massive and if the Myelin is replaced by scar tissue, the nerve impulses may be completely interrupted, and the nerve fibers themselves may be damaged.
The term “Multiple Sclerosis” is derived from this process, as it occurs in several places in the nervous system, and Sclerosis (scars) – the hardened patches of scar tissue – forms over the damaged Myelin.
MS varies significantly from individual to individual, and in the severity and the course of the disease. Your doctor cannot predict at the time of diagnosis what course the illness might take and how you will be affected in the next five or ten years. Fortunately, there are specific relapsing treatments — MS remittance — and some may be helpful for people who are still having relapses with secondary-progressive MS. Moreover, as they arise, much can be done to treat specific symptoms.
Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis
Symptoms such as extreme fatigue, lack of coordination, weakness, tingling, sensation impairment, vision problems, bladder problems, cognitive impairment, and mood changes can be caused by Multiple Sclerosis. Remember that while many different symptoms can be experienced in MS, all of the symptoms listed are highly unlikely to be experienced.
Diagnosis of Multiple Sclerosis
Diagnosing MS can be difficult, as its symptoms can be the same as many other nerve disorders. If your doctor is in doubt, he’ll want you to see a specialist called a neurologist, who treats the brain and nervous system. The doctor will ask you about your medical history and will check your brain, spinal cord, and optic nerves for key signs of nerve damage.
There is no single test that can prove you have MS. While checking, your doctor will use a couple of different tests like:
- Blood tests to rule out diseases that cause similar symptoms, such as Lyme disease and AIDS
- Tests to see how well your nerves are working, check your balance, coordination, vision, and other functions.
- A test called an MRI that produces detailed images of the structures in your body.
- Analysis of a liquid called Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) that cushions your brain and spinal cord. In CSF, people with MS usually have particular proteins.
- Tests that measure the electrical activity in your brain (called Evoked Potential).
- OCT (Optical Coherence Tomography) is used to identify changes in the retina that may warn of atrophy of the brain.
Treatment for Multiple Sclerosis
Right now, there seems to be no cure for Multiple Sclerosis, but an autologous stem transplant can be a favorable treatment. Autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) or autonomous bone marrow transplant can provide progression-free survival in MS (Multiple Sclerosis) for a long period of time. In Autologous Stem Cell Transplant, healthy blood stem cells are extracted from the body to treat or replace the diseased/damaged bone marrow. It offers an edge over stem cells from donors as it avoids the possibility of incompatibility between the donor’s and receiver’s blood stem cells.
Dr. S.K. Gupta is a renowned Hematologist who has experience in treating blood, bone marrow, lymph nodes, and spleen disorders. He strongly believes that, even in life-threatening disorders, early diagnosis, proper guidance, and support are the cornerstones of fruitful results. Adequate monitoring of the condition of the patient, improving the morale of both the patient and the family, are vital steps in reducing morbidity and mortality during treatment, which he and his strong support team take care of at a personal level. At the same time, he runs several awareness camps in the community for all the patients and training sessions for his staff. Looking for a hospital for Multiple Sclerosis?
Look no further, Hematology and BMT Institute International is your solution to all blood-related and non-blood-related diseases.