Tumor vs Cancer

Tumor Vs Cancer: Difference & Comparison

Cancer and Tumor

Cancer is a disease in which cells start to divide uncontrollably. Splitting of the cells can begin almost anywhere in the body and eventually lead to cancer. 

An unconstrained growth taking place in the solid tissues such as muscle, bone, and organs is a tumor. A tumor has the ability to outspread to surrounding organs and tissues through blood and lymph systems.

Abnormal cellular growth

Tumors and cancers are abnormal and rapid cellular growth that can happen anywhere in the body. In tumors, it can form a lump or lesion in the body or the surface, whereas in cancers the growth is unpredictable and can travel throughout the body. 

Types of tumors

Malignant tumor:

Malignant tumors are cancerous tumors. These tumors can cause secondary tumors by invading the surrounding tissues and by transporting them to other parts of the body as they grow. Malignant tumors can be life-threatening.

Benign tumor:

Benign tumors are noncancerous and do not travel through the body. Benign tumors are not life-threatening except for some brain anomalies which can cause inflammation and tension on the other parts of the body. 

Not all tumors are cancerous

It is safe to say that all tumors are not cancerous. Benign tumors are not cancerous because cell growth does not travel and spread through the vital organs of the body. Although malignant tumors can lead to cancer.

Similar to how all tumors are not cancerous, all cancers are not tumors. Blood cancer does not involve the growth of any tumor. Therefore, it is important to seek advice from a specialist. 

Treatment of Tumors vs. Cancer

Treatment and medication of tumors and cancer can differ depending on a number of factors. Medication and treatment are reliable on the patient’s age, the affected area, type of growth, and the speed of growth of cancer or tumor. It is significantly dependent on the stage of cancer and tumor as well. 

Since benign tumors are majorly not life-threatening, doctors can rely on the removal of tumors through surgery. Depending on the time and stage of the tumor, the recovery time can differ. Patients can recover right after surgery or it can even take months to heal.

Common treatment options for cancer patients are surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. In the surgery, the affected growth is removed surgically. During chemotherapy powerful chemicals are used to get a significant effect on the cancerous cell. In radiation therapy, high-energy radiation is used to destroy or reduce the growth of cancer.

One of the treatment options that is being explored is Gene Therapy. In gene therapy, DNA is used as a pharmaceutical agent to treat the affected cells. 

Similar to cancer, Chemotherapy, and Radiation therapy are performed to treat blood cancer. In some cases, bone marrow transplant or stem cell transplant can also be preferred along with chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Stem cell transplant and Bone marrow transplant can be used for the treatment of some non-cancerous tumors as well.

Dr. S.K Gupta at Hematology BMT Institute International, who is also one of the best hematologists in India, specializes in such cases. HBII is one of the best clinics in India specializing in Hematology and BMT. Located in Hyderabad, Hematology and BMT Institute International aims to provide the best healthcare to their patients. Hematology BMT Institute International aims to provide the best healthcare at an affordable cost.


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